Source Information

  • Title 
    Short Title Kim Tilsed 
    Author Kim Tilsed 
    Source ID S4 
    Text In January 1762, a John Tilsed of Poole was married by Licence to one Amy Sherbourne of the same parish.

    I have been unable to find a baptism or plausible family for Amy Sherbourne, and as yet have seen no evidence to suggest that anyone else has either.

    However, I have found an Amy Carteridge marrying Philip Sherbourne, whose will was proved in 1760. I therefore believe it likely that John Tilsed's 1762 bride is Philip's widow. The evidence set out below is circumstantial but I believe reasonably plausible:

    [1] Amy Carteridge and Philip "Sharband" were married by Licence in Poole on 19th October 1751. No further information is given in the Register.

    [2] On 23rd Feb 1758, Philip Sherbourne, "Quarter Gunner of His Majesty's Ship Pembroke, Captain Simcoe" made his will whilst healthy but considering the dangers of the seas. In it, he left everything to "my loving wife Emmy Sherbourne of the Town and County of Poole, Dorset", who was also appointed executrix. The will was witnessed by Captain Simcoe along with Richard Wise and Joseph Thorpe.

    [3] Philip Sherbourne's will was probated at London before a Commissary of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on 10th January 1760. Administration was granted to "Emmy otherwise Amey Sherbourne Widow the relict of the deceased". I do not know whether Philip owned property in areas outside Poole - his will does not mention any specific assets other than prize money, wages etc - but perhaps Royal Navy wills were routinely dealt with by the PCC rather than locally.

    [4] Amy Sherbourne married John Tilsed on 4th January 1762. The witnesses were John Laker - possibly a regular witness - and Francis Wills, who may have been a relative or fishing colleague of John Tilsed's.

    ~ ~ ~

    There is a fair amount of information available on HMS Pembroke at this time, because her recently-promoted Sailing Master was one James Cook, later famous as Captain Cook the explorer. It transpires that Pembroke was brought home from blockade duty in the Bay of Biscay, and on 22nd February 1758 sailed from Plymouth to take part in the siege of French-held Louisburg on the Gulf of St Lawrence. Philip Sherbourne signed his will the following day.

    In the course of the journey across the Atlantic, many of the crew suffered from scurvy. By the time Pembroke reached Halifax in Nova Scotia, 26 men had died and more were in hospital, leaving insufficient men to work the ship. When Pembroke eventually arrived at Louisburg, battle had already begun, and on 25th July 1758 James Cook took part in a boat action against two French warships. Louisburg surrendered the following day.

    Captain Simcoe then gave James Cook permission to learn surveying from Lt Samuel Holland of the British Army, and then set him to charting Gasp? Bay off Quebec, followed by the St Lawrence River itself. On 27th July 1759 Pembroke sent men ashore to link up with General Wolfe, and in September Pembroke and several other ships took part in diversions while Wolfe landed elsewhere and began what is known as the Battle for the Plains of Abraham, culminating in the fall of Quebec. At this point Cook transferred to HMS Northumberland. He stayed in Canada until October 1762, and his journey home to England took nineteen days.

    Without examining the log of HMS Pembroke, I have no idea whether Philip Sherbourne was one of the original twenty-six men who died of scurvy in the North Atlantic. He may have survived the voyage only to die in a boat action under Cook, or at the gates of Quebec. The best that can be managed at present is to say that he died some time after signing his will on 23rd February 1758 and and before December 1759 (allowing time for the news to reach London and Poole, and for Amy or her representative to travel to London to attend the Prerogative Court of Canterbury).

    ~ ~ ~

    I have not yet found a baptism or likely family for Philip Sherbourne. As the surname continued in Poole under the spelling "Shurben" rather than Philip's own spelling of Sherbourne, I believe that if Philip was from Dorset at all, his family spoke something closer to Received Pronunciation than did the average working class person in Poole, thus giving the "Shurben" pronunciation. (A typical Poole pronunciation of "Sherbourne" would give full value to the "OR" sound in the second syllable).

    (If you incorporate this information into your published research, please credit "kjthistory at LiveJournal" or link back to this post. Thank you.)

    Philip's Will - England & Wales, Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills, 1384-1858 at

    HMS Pembroke - google 
    Linked to Family: SHARBAND, Philip / CARTRIDGE, Amy 


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